The Thermo Scientific GC Trace 1300 gas chromatograph coupled with a ITQ 900 ion trap mass spectrometer and a TriPlus RSH autosampler.


Isocratic ion chromatography ICS-1100 instrument (Thermo Scientific) equipped with an auto-sampler AS-DV Thermo Scientific, conductometric detector.

Varian Star liquid chromatograph equipped with a spectrophotometric detector.


Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).